DIY Gabion baskets in the garden


Hillside gardening seems to involve a lot of prep work before plants can go in the ground. A large part of the work is figuring out different techniques to retain the slope in ways both large and small. One technique involves using gabion baskets which are basically a wire frame filled with rubble that can be used to retain a hillside, build a wall, a bench or even to create a decorative element in the garden. 

I made my baskets from left over 10 gauge welded wire mesh but there are lots of sturdier, premade options on the market that are much more handsome (and require a lot less effort to assemble)

Empty gabion basket
Empty gabion basket


The basket is held together with homemade wire slinkies. By 'homemade' I mean that I bought some thick gauge wire and wrapped it around a rod to create the distinctive curlicue shape. As an added benefit you'll get an awesome forearm workout.


14 gauge wire curled around a metal rod
Slinky creation


Empty gabion basket
The other side of the pit

I spent some time getting the two baskets somewhat level before filling them with rubble. Oddly enough, possibly because of the compound slope of the hillside, when the baskets were exactly level they appeared wildly out of wack when viewed from the sidewalk. To compensate I reset the baskets off level. As a good salesman once told me - "Perception is reality"

And then it rained for a few days (heavily)

mud falling into an unfinished gabion basket
Mud Slide

The cut I made, through what felt like solid rock, turned out not to be as stable as predicted. What I really need is another few tons of boulders to hold up the embankment and finish the dry creek.

New plan - do a better job separating the basket from the embankment

Once things dried out I cleaned up and pulled the box forward. To keep the dirt out of the box, and even out of the rock around the box, I improvised a solution with some left over landscape fabric. Water will move through and under the fabric, into the box and out the bottom through a layer of drain rock. My hope is that without a natural build up of silt the rock rubble in the box will continue to drain freely and dry out more quickly. A general rule of retaining a hillside is not to create a dam; avoid the unnecessary pressure that will build and push over your structure.

landscape fabric behind a gabion box

I would have chosen a more porous landscape fabric but because this was available I decided to avoid a trip to a the store. A quick test on the lawn showed that a puddle of water would still drain through in a few minutes. The spikes in the background holding the fabric up are recycled as well. The white plastic acting as large washers are from a cut up plastic milk jug!

Gabion basket partially constructed
Placing the 4"x6" lumber internal skeleton

I hear you asking "Why did I stain these a blue?"  We had some left over stain from a previous project and again I wanted to just use what was available. Hopefully the color works once all the landscaping is done ;)

Gabion basket partially constructed top view
Internal wire helps to prevent the basket bulging


There didn't seem an point in putting lumber at the back of the basket. No one would see it and the wood would stay moist and slowly rot. The giant piece of concrete is from a portion of the patio in our backyard... I've been saving it for just such an occasion.

Gabion basket side view
"Snugging" up the wood and wire frames

Internal wire tie of gabion basket
Internal wire tie

Gabion basket - filled to top
Basket filled! (or pretty close)

For added strength / rigidity I may tie the lumber corners together with some large lag screws. I can always come back and do that at a later time if the blocks are shifting out of alignment.

two blue gabion baskets in a garden
The context shot

Hmm... looking at that gap it almost seems like pedestrians will need some way to get across - it's too far to jump. Maybe I need to build a simple foot bridge ;)

The "V" shaped cut is what I made to release all the rain water. It will eventually be enlarged into a natural looking creek bed. 

Gabion baskets pictured from above on either side of a dry creek
Topped off with more drain rock

So there you have it - my version of a gabion basket in the landscape. There are lots of different and inexpensive ways to build them and even more ways to creatively fill them: stone, wood rounds, glass rock, old tile and even bottles. If you're gardening on a hillside and feeling adventurous, consider using a gabion basket or two.

Happy garden engineering!


  1. Once again, I'm impressed by your ingenuity and hard work, Hans. I've been intrigued by gabion baskets for quite awhile, originally thinking I could use them to create terraces on my back slope but somehow even my minor efforts to address that area seem to easily slip aside in favor of other, more manageable projects. Someday perhaps - but I expect I'll seek professional assistance. I don't have the energy you have for a DIY process.

    1. using a professional sounds like a plan especially since it may involve a lot of earth moving which can be tedious. I just do what's fun for me in the garden but of course 'fun' is relative - we each enjoy our own variety.

  2. Hillsides are such an amazing showcase for plants but what a lot of work, Hans! Gabions are a great solution.

    1. Thanks Denise for kind words. I seem to and up living places with hillsides that need a garden.

  3. WOW. I am very impressed! Would love to see it in person someday.

    1. Be great to meet in person and show you around. I'm hoping once this pandemic thing subsides I might have much the front garden done

  4. Very impressive work. I look forward to seeing how they fit into the overall landscape of the slope. "The context shot" gives a good idea of how large and steep your slope is.

    A bridge would be cool.

    1. Thanks. I'm looking forward to seeing how they fit too... not entirely sure yet :) A human in one of the shots for scale would be useful as well - maybe next time.


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